The pervasive acceptance of conventional economic theory as a “natural science” that gives us guidance for dealing with our economic lives is one of the biggest obstacles to understanding and making rational choices about the converging crises of our time. Simply put, the fundamental flaw in conventional economics is that the economic system it promotes as a natural system operates in an ecological vacuum. In the real world, however, economic policy confronts actual obstacles to its illusion of endless economic growth that it cannot overcome. That is why the choices ahead are so difficult and will require massive social change.
The economics profession initially struggled to be recognized as a science, just like physics. That recognition eventually came, but was not entirely justified. Philip B. Smith and Manfred Max-Neef have powerfully demonstrated how the scientific limits of economics were overcome by clever conceptual illusions and political alignment with the forces of wealth and power in society. That has gone so far that, for example, the Koch brothers now control the hiring of economics faculty at Florida State University, having cut a deal that allows them veto power over faculty hiring in exchange for monetary support for the department. So much for independent intellectual exploration in that academic setting. The economics departments of high ranking universities around the nation are more subtly influenced by expectations tied to financial support from major corporations. No wonder fields like ecological economics, which examines economic systems in relation to the ecological systems in which they operate, are so commonly excluded from such programs.
A few forward looking economists such as Rob Dietz and Dan O’Neill, and Richard Heinberg, have begun to unmask the myths of the orthodoxy of the Economics of Endless Growth and the false assumptions at its base. As we reach the planetary limits to economic growth, the new ecological economics is an emerging attempt to build a basis for a steady state economy consistent with the carrying capacity of the biosphere. Much remains to be done on figuring out how to respond to and manage the Great Transformation to the new economic reality. The economists mentioned here have outlined some of the changes needed, but little has been said of how to accomplish them. Gar Alperovitz has extended that discussion, focusing on nascent democratizing economic organizations forming at the grass roots level. That will be increasingly important, but strategy and tactics for getting there from here are the key factor which is both most important and least elucidated.
It is quite clear that electoral politics are so dominated by the corporate forces that sustain conventional growth-at-any-cost economics in their own short-term interests [quarterly profits and stock prices as well as obscene executive pay and bonuses] that getting reasonable independent people elected in the near term is highly unlikely. The only other option is the building of a social movement from the bottom up. The American people are not nearly as stupid as the plutocracy imagines. People know something is very wrong, even when they don’t connect it to their own economic behavior. Extant climate disruption has already overcome the corporate propaganda of climate-denial, but what’s a concerned citizen to do?
The news that a coalition of seventeen of the world’s biggest private foundations has announced that they are divesting their holdings of nearly $1.8 billion from fossil fuels corporations indicates one thing. Consciousness can change and change can become exponential; that is how emerging non-violent social movements are realized. 350.org was initially ridiculed for its plan to pressure educational institutions to divest their endowments from the fossil fuel industry. But it is happening. A much broader movement is needed, however.
Integral to modernity is the decline of the solidarity of natural social groupings (family, village, clan, etc.). The discontent resulting from economic individualism could be countered by engagement in the very kinds of social movement that are needed to confront the otherwise overpowering force of corporatocracy. Out of participation will come change in self-awareness. If [when] Obama’s absurd “all of the above” [ultimately anti-ecological] energy policy results in approval of the Keystone XL pipeline, a new surge of activism will facilitate the larger social movement – and solidarity – necessary for change when conventional politics are locked out by corporate financial control. What most middle-class “progressives” don’t quite understand, yet, is that the necessary massive reductions in CO2 and methane emissions will radically alter their consumer “lifestyle.” That shock, sobering as it will be, must lead to massive collective action by new social groupings grounded in the human interest – not individual selfish short-term interests – so that the broken fossil-fuel economy can be transformed into a new ecological economy never before seen.
 Philip B. Smith & Manfred Max-Neef, Economics Unmasked: From Power and Greed to Compassion and the Common Good. Devon, UK: Green Books, 2011.
 Rob Dietz & Dan O’Neill, Enough is Enough: Building a Sustainable Economy in a World of Finite Resources. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler, 2013.
 Richard Heinberg, The End of Growth: Adapting to Our New Economic Reality. Gabriola Island, BC, Canada: New Society Publishers, 2011.
 Gar Alperovitz, What Then Must We Do? Straight Talk About the Next American Revolution. White River Junction, VT: Chelsea Green, 2013